Published On: Sat, Jan 17th, 2015

Waitaki River Salmon Fishing

A pair of big salmon taken from the Waitaki River by Rodger Colville.

A pair of big salmon taken from the Waitaki River by Rodger Colville.

New Zealand location of waitaki River.Waitaki River Salmon

The Waitaki River is regarded by salmon anglers as “big water.” The mighty Waitaki frequently carries the most water of any of the big east coast salmon rivers.

The Waitaki River sits on the boarder between Canterbury and Otago. For the purpose of simplicity we are going to say it is in Oatago. However some of the Waitaki River headwaters are in Canterbury.

Each season the Waitaki River yields some very big fish. Some of which are over 40lb (18kg). To some extent ECNZ can regulate the river’s flow from the hydro electricity generation system up in the headwaters.

Up until about a decade ago there was a four day salmon fishing contest held in the Waitaki River during March each year. The competition was centered around the hall at Glenavy on State Highway One. From here contestants would fish for 28 kilometres upstream from the mouth.

As described above, the Waitaki River offers big water with plenty of space to find a likely looking hole. The gut near the mouth is usually extensive. Here the water is fast moving, deep, and wide, as the many braids and channels come together to form a single gut as it they enter the sea.

Another monster Waitaki River salmon.

Another monster Waitaki River salmon. Note the depth of the body! The Waitaki River always produces the heaviest salmon each year.
It is thought that salmon in North America grow to a much larger size than the same species in New Zealand because the rivers there are much longer – as much as 2000 km as opposed to only a couple of hundred km in New Zealand. A bigger heavier fish is better suited in terms of muscle and fat reserves to make the much longer journey upstream to spawn.
Salmon might be difficult to catch but a big fish like this one will provide many salmon dinners and life-long memories.

Sea conditions permitting, many anglers prefer to fish into the seaward side of the long shingle spit which divides the gut from the sea. Here long 12’0″ (3.66m) rods are the preferred tackle. With ticers, particularly weight-forward ones, being the most fished hardware.

In the gut itself most add a heavy lead weight (2-3oz) a metre above their lure in order to get down to where the fish are in this fast flowing channel. Many also use double Zed spinners for the same reason.

Other good choices are Colorado blade spinners and feathered lures taken down with a lead weight as described. The later lures tend not to plane to the surface like a Zed spinner. Upstream the Zed spinner is by far the most popular terminal tackle.

In the “big” fast water of the Waitaki River the jet boaters are usually the more successful. This is particularly so when the main channel, which can be carrying over 500 cumecs (500 cubic metres of water per second), is running straight out in the same line at the river rather than “bending” to the right and following the shingle spit. At such times the river is far too deep to wade and shore based anglers can’t get a shot on the salmon as they hug the bottom and come up the middle of the main current.

Keith Reinke is one of the best salmon anglers around and a Waitaki River stalwart.

Keith Reinke is one of the best salmon anglers around and a Waitaki River stalwart. Here Keith has landed a hefty 35 pounder together with a 15 pound fish.
In this picture you can really see the difference in size. A fish of over double the weight is not so much longer but is rather much broader and heavier in the body.
Very few New Zealand anglers will ever catch a salmon weighing anything like 35 pounds. To catch such a fish you need considerable knowledge and skill combined with a certain element of luck!

Young Ben Reinke caught his monster 25 pound salmon from the Waitaki River while fishing with his Poppie Keith Reinke.

Young Ben Reinke caught his monster 25 pound salmon from the Waitaki River while fishing with his Poppie Keith Reinke.

Many anglers also have a strong preference towards the type of fishing they enjoy the most. For example some will continue to fish the surf even when it is rough and largely unfishable when they would be better off to fish in the river. When there is a long line of anglers such as shown in the picture most of the salmon caught on a given day will be taken along a short stretch, either at first light or for perhaps an hour or so at the top of the tide. While much of the rest of the day will be spent with only the odd fish caught here and there.

The Waitaki River, straddles the border between South Canterbury and North Otago, is home of the mighty quinnat salmon. They have been homing on on the river ever since the first fish returned from the sea in May 1905.

The salmon run resulted from a determined government effort to establish the fish in New Zealand. Earlier attempts to get the species established had failed.

About one million eggs were hatched at Hakataramea and Lake Ohau in 1901, and then released into streams feeding the Waitaki River.

The man responsible for this act was Lake Falconer Ayson. In 1897 the Marine Department set up a fishery division and appointed Lake as Chief Inspector of Fisheries, to develop the sea fish, oysters and salmon fisheries.

He was sent on a tour of Europe, Great Britain and America in search of suitable fish species to introduce to New Zealand. His major success in this direction was the establishment of quinnat salmon in the South Island rivers including the Waitaki.

He made four trips to the United States and Canada. On each trip he returned to New Zealand with one million eggs. On another occasion when he was not able to make the trip, his son Charles brought in a similar shipment.

Charles Ayson was in charge of the Salmon Hatcheries for thirty years while ova were hatched and distributed in the various rivers.

A 12 lb hen salmon which returned to the Waitaki in 1905 became the first to be trapped. The following year 17 fish were trapped in the Hakataramea River. From then on the numbers returning each year steadily increased.

Waitaki River Mouth - Glenavy. Map: 1:50,000. Each grid square represents 1 km. Maps Sourced from NZTopo50-CB19. Crown Copyright Reserved.

Waitaki River Mouth – Glenavy. Map: 1:50,000. Each grid square represents 1 km. Maps Sourced from NZTopo50-CB19. Crown Copyright Reserved.
The Waitaki River straddles the border between South Canterbury to the north and North Otago to the south. State Highway One passes through Glenavy approximately 4kms from the river mouth. The motor camp on the south bank at the seaward end of Kaik Road is very popular with salmon anglers during the fishing season. Anglers can ride their quad bikes from the Kaik Camping Ground down to the river mouth on the south side.

The fish of a life time! This monster salmon weighed 16.040kg (35.3lb). It was caught by Calder Wilson (left) during the 1994 Waitaki Salmon Fishing Contest. It is held up for the camera by Nelson Bolstead. Mr Bolstead is a scientist with NIWA. He is an expert on all things

The fish of a life time! This monster salmon weighed 16.040kg (35.3lb). It was caught by Calder Wilson (left) during the 1994 Waitaki Salmon Fishing Contest. It is held up for the camera by Nelson Bolstead. Mr Bolstead is a scientist with NIWA. He is an expert on all things “salmon.”

Salmon anglers clean their catch on a shingle bar at the mouth of the Waitaki River. The Waitaki is a big river often flowing at 500 cumecs or more. Access to the best salmon fishing is improved enormously with a jet boat. However they do take knowledge, skill and experience to handle safely. Almost every year at least one jet boat is lost to the river.

Salmon anglers clean their catch on a shingle bar at the mouth of the Waitaki River. The Waitaki is a big river often flowing at 500 cumecs or more. Access to the best salmon fishing is improved enormously with a jet boat. However they do take knowledge, skill and experience to handle safely. Almost every year at least one jet boat is lost to the river.

I have often been asked the question, "will I catch more salmon if I have a jet boat." In my experience the answer is yes! When ever I have been out in a jet boat we have been on to fish every time! Note that jet boats always have the steering on the left, while runabouts are steered from the right.

I have often been asked the question, “will I catch more salmon if I have a jet boat.” In my experience the answer is yes! When ever I have been out in a jet boat we have been on to fish every time! Note that jet boats always have the steering on the left, while runabouts are steered from the right.

Salmon anglers fishing near the Waitaki River mouth.

Salmon anglers fishing near the Waitaki River mouth. Note the large number of jet boats.

Here we have a short clip of a big salmon be landed a bit further up the Waitaki River.

About the Author

Profile photo of Allan Burgess

- Fishingmag.co.nz website editor.

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